Author Information

SCOPE
The Journal of Kafkas Medical Sciences (KJMS) is a peer-reviewed general medical journal and welcomes manuscripts in Turkish and English. The journal publishes original communications of biomedical research (research, short communications, review, letter to the editor, case report, translation, medical publication translation, etc.) that advances or illuminates medical science or that educates the journal readers. It is issued three times per year, and distributed in written form and in electronic format. All manuscripts are accepted throughout the globe.
MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION
Manuscripts are submitted online from http://meddergi.kafkas.edu.tr. After registration, authors can send their manuscripts by clicking “online manuscripts submission, follow-up and review” buton placed in web site and following directives written in site. The journal is firmly adheres to the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) (http://www.icmje.org/index.html). When the article is uploaded on the online system, it is obligatory to upload the Title Page, the full text of the article, and the Copyright Transfer Form.
ETHICAL RESPONSIBILITIES
KJMS adheres strictly to the Committee of Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines (http://publicationethics.org/resources/guidelines) on good publication practice. Authors submitting a manuscript accept that their work contains unpublished work and that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. Previously published tables, illustrations or text should be clearly indicated in the manuscript and the copyright holder’s permission must be obtained. The journal requires that appropriate ethics committee applications are made, and where relevant informed consents are received and that they are communicated to the article. 
KJMS respects to the Declaration of Helsinki for Medical Research involving Human Subjects (http://www.wma.net/e/policy/pdf/17c.pdf). The authors should indicate whether the institutional and national guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed, when reporting experiments on animals.
MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION
The article should be written in Times New Roman font with 12 point font and 1.5 line spacing. Throughout the entire article, the titles of all titles, including the main title, must begin with an uppercase letter and continue with a lowercase letter and must be written in bold characters (eg. Material and Method). All subheadings of the manuscript must start with upper case and continue with lower case only and must be written in italic characters (eg. Sample selection). The articles must be written in an open, short and fluent Turkish or English language, and the imitation rules must be observed. The journal recommends keeping the length of the article short, in proportion to the information it contains, especially the introduction and discussion. All authors are encouraged to interview a statistician.

Title Page: Title of the article should be short and continuous. It should be sufficiently descriptive and informative so as to be useful in indexing and information retrieval. All authors' names and surnames must be written side by side clearly. The department, institution and city should be supplied for each author. The full contact address, fax and phone number and email address of the corresponding author, including city, country and postal code, must be submitted. The author informations provided here should not present in any other documents of the submission. Click for sample.
Abstract: Abstract should be brief and indicate the scope and significant results of the paper. It should only highlight the principal findings and conclusions so that it can be used by abstracting services without modification. For research articles, abstracts should be subdivided into these headings (Aim, Material and Method, Results, Conclusion). No subheadings are required for reviews and case reports. Letters to the edit├Âr do not contain abstract section. The summary should not be longer than 300 words, only standard abbreviations should be used. In addition to the articles presented in Turkish, an English abstract is required and in the articles presented in English, an additional Turkish summary is required.
Keywords: Minimum three keywords that are suitable with “Index Medicus: Medical Subject Headings” standarts should be written under abstract section.
Introduction: Introduction should be brief and state precisely the scope of the paper. Review of the literature should be restricted to reasons for undertaking the present study and provide only the most essential background.
Material and Method: The selection of the observational or experimental subjects (patients, controls or laboratory animals) should be described clearly. Identify the age, sex, and other important characteristics of the subjects. For experiments on human subjects and animals, the followed ethical standards regulated down by the national bodies or organizations of the particular country should be clearly mentioned and the place, date, and number of the ethics committee approval document taken prior to these studies should be given. The authors should identify the methods, apparatus (list the manufacturer’s name and original country in parentheses), and procedures in sufficient detail to allow other workers to reproduce the results. References should be supplied for established methods, including statistical methods. New or substantially modified methods should be described and reasons for using them with their limitations should be provided. All drugs and chemicals should be identified with their generic name (s), dose (s), and route (s) of administration. Reports of randomized clinical trials should include the information on all major study elements including the protocol (study population, interventions or exposures, outcomes, and the rationale for statistical analysis), assignment of interventions (methods of randomization, concealment of allocation to treatment groups), and the method of masking (blinding). The last paragraph of this section should specify the methods of statistical analysis that are absolutely used.
Results: Unnecessary overlap between tables, figures and text should be avoided. Only such data that are essential for understanding the discussion and main conclusions emerging from the study should be included. The data must be presented in an integrated and consistent manner, and the report must be clear and logical. Data presented in tables and figures should not be repeated in here, only important observations need to be emphasized or summarised. The same data should not be presented in both tables and graphs. The statistical results and symbols given in this section should be in accordance with the general writing rules. Discussion: The discussion should begin with a succinct statement of the principal findings, outline the strengths and weaknesses of the study, discuss the findings in relation to other studies, provide possible explanations and indicate questions which remain to be answered in future research. The discussion should deal with the interpretation of results with already known ones without repeating information already presented under results. The conclusion section should be given as the last paragraph of the discussion section. In here, associative short suggestions should be made and unqualified statements, unintended outcomes should be avoided.
Acknowledgements: The acknowledgments should be short and clear, only for scientific / technical support and financial resources. It should not include situations such as the use of routine institutional facilities, support or assistance in preparing articles (writing or secretarial assistance).
References: The references in the litterature shall be sequenced consecutively and should take place at the last of the article. References throughout the article should take place before the end of the sentence with the upper character. As much as possible, the use of author names in writing should be avoided. When the name of the author is given, reference number should be immediately after the author's name, not at the end of the sentence. It is necessary to make an abbreviation with et al. after six authors for articles with more. The page numbers should be abbreviated (eg, 51-9).
Articles with up to six authors: Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002; 347:284-7.  
Articles with more than six authors: Pulgar VM, Yamaleyeva LM, Varagic J, McGee CM, Bader M, Dechend R et al. Increased angiotensin ─▒─▒ contraction of the uterine artery at early gestation in a transgenic model of hypertensive pregnancy ─▒s reduced by ─▒nhibition of endocannabinoid hydrolysisnovelty and significance. Hypertension 2014; 64(3):619-25.
Book Chapters: Cooke DJ, Philip L. To treat or not to treat? An empirical perspective. In: Hollin, C.R. ed. Handbook of offender assessment and treatment. Chichester: Wiley, 2001: 3-15.
Book: Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002: 93-113.
Internet Data: Cancer Research UK. Cancer statistics reports for the UK, http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/aboutcancer/statistics/cancerstatsreport/; 2003 [accessed 13.03.03].
Tables: Tables should be given as a single Word document, separate from the article main text. All tables must be presented in a single document. Table headings must be above the table, include the sequence number, and all letters except the first letter of the head must be small (eg, Table 1. Demographic characteristics of patients). Abbreviations in the table should be explained under the table and units of the data should not be forgotten.
Figures: All illustrations, photographs, radiographic figures are collected under this head. All figures should be given as a separate document from the main text of the article. All figure titles should be in the document, include the sequence number, and all letters except the first letter of the title must be small (eg, Figure 1. Postoperative direct graph of the abdomen).
Graphs: Graphs should be given as a separate document from the article main text. All graphic headings must be located under the graph, include the sequence number, and all letters except the first letter of the heading must be small.
REVIEW PROCESS
All articles submitted to the journal are reviewed by the editorial board in terms of writing rules and material method before being sent to the referees, and then sent to relevant referees afterwards. The final decision is based on the opinion of the referee and the editorial board. All accepted articles are subject to proofreading in accordance with the rules and format of the journal. After the editorial proceedings following the acceptance of the manuscript, the manuscript will be submitted for the approval of the authors and will be required to be returned with author approval within three days.
COPYRIGHT TRANSFER AGREEMENT FORM 
Submission of a manuscript to Kafkas Journal of Medical Sciences means that the manuscript has not been published anywhere (except as an abstract, summary of a presentation or part of an assessment or thesis), has not been submitted to anywhere to be considered for publication, and all contributors agreed publication in Kafkas Journal of Medical Sciences. Author(s) give all copyright transfer permissions to Kafkas University and Kafkas Journal of Medical Sciences until the manuscript is rejected by the journal. Without permission of Kafkas University and Kafkas Journal of Medical Sciences, all author(s) accept(s) that they will not publish the article in anywhere in any language.
DOI NUMBER
A DOI (digital object identifier) number will be allocated to all accepted manuscripts.

 

Kafkas University Faculty of Medicine Dean of Kafkas Medical Sciences Journal Editor
Kars, Turkey    

Telephone: +90 474 225 11 54                                     Fax: +90 474 225 11 93

e-mail: edit.tipdergi@gmail.com

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